The Significance of Mecca. Mecca is the original English translation of the Arabic. Historically, the city has also been called Becca. In the 1980s, the Saudi Arabian government, and others, began promoting the spelling Makkah (in full form, Makkah alMukarramah), which more closely resembles the actual Arabic pronunciation. Start studying Unit 2 ( ). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Mecca is located in the western edge of modernday Saudi Arabia, close to the other holy city of Islam, Medina.
One of the Five Pillars of Islam, the Hajj, is a mandatory pilgrimage to Mecca; each Muslim must make at least one trip to Mecca in his lifetime. Medina also contains two other significant masjids; Masjid AlQuba the first mosque built when the Prophet and the sahabah fled to Medina, then known as Yathrib, and Masjid AlQiblatain built on the site where Prophet Muhammad received the revelation to change the qibla direction from Jerusalem to Mecca.
The annual hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, has involved Muslims from all round the world for over a thousand years. This prayer book contains two miniature paintings of the holy cities of Mecca (where the black Ka'bah is clearly visible) and Medina. At least once in their lifetime, every Muslim who is Mecca is where Abraham built the Ka'aba, and some believe he did so in order to rebuild the BaitulAllah that had originally been built by Adam. This is the building that every Muslim around the world faces in prayer up to five times per day.
The prophet Muhammad was born in Mecca in 570 A. D How can the answer be improved? Mecca represents ones heart (feelings) and Medina represents ones mind (reasoning, rationality). To a Muslim, the Prophet's life in Mekka represents and is an example how one can feel, what one might think about in every situation.
The Religious Significance of Mecca. In addition to prayer, a pilgrimage to Mecca is required of every Muslim who can afford it as one of the Five Pillars of the faith. Few nonMuslims have ever seen the rites and rituals of the Hajj, as nonMuslims are strictly prohibited from entering Mecca and Medina.
Roadblocks are stationed along roads Medina is the secondmost important city in Islam and a major pilgrimage destination.
" Medina" means the" City of the Prophet, " is in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia. It was to Medina city that Muhammad fled when he was initially driven out of Mecca, and the place where he attracted his first followers. In two lessons we will look closely at the significance of the three cities and discuss what they mean to Muslims around the globe.
Mecca. Mecca is home to the largest masjid in the world, Masjid AlHaraam (The Sacred Mosque). Medina was Muhammad's destination of his Hijrah (migration) from Mecca, and became the capital of a rapidly increasing Muslim Empire, under Muhammad's leadership.
It served as the power base of Islam in its first century